Lohengrin – Preludes to Acts 1 and 3
Denk’ es, o Seele!
In der Frühe
Auf ein altes Bild
Symphony No. 7 in E minor
About the event
Richard Wagner was one of the most controversial figures of his age, polarizing composers into two camps. His two preludes are featured in the concert alongside works by Gustav Mahler, who regarded him as a role model, and Hugo Wolf, a zealous Wagner fan. When it comes to Romantic lieder, Wolf is second only to Schubert. From his over two hundred lieder, seven — set to poems by Mörike and Goethe — will be performed by Elisabeth Kulman, whom the international press lauded as follows: “Each note sparkled like a precious gem, each phrase was full of meaning and radiant beauty.” The concert concludes with Mahler’s surprisingly serene and humorous symphony, taking the listener on a journey from the music of the night through fairy dance to the most glorious jubilation in C major.
Though not many excerpts from the typically through-composed Wagner operas (which could almost pass for single movements) lend themselves to performance as independent concert pieces, the two preludes of the piece telling the story of the mysterious Grail Knight Lohengrin, do. The music introducing the opera conjures up a vision of the Holy Grail descending from the skies amidst a host of angels and the sparkling, gauzy murmurs of the violins. Wagner never brings his melodies to a conclusion, swinging them forward at every standstill in a symbolic representation of eternity embodied by the chalice of the Almighty. The considerably shorter, sprightly prelude to Act 3 portrays the wedding preparations of the two protagonists, Elza and Lohengrin.
The piano accompaniments to Wolf’s lieder show unmistakable signs of Wagner’s influence. In 1888 the composer wrote nearly 100 songs with unprecedented precision, tying music and poem together down to the last word. His settings of Eduard Mörike’s poems thrillingly reflect the duality of the poet’s art arising from his stormy passion and its repression demanded by his vocation as a pastor. There are religious poems (e.g. Auf ein altes Bild) as well as an implicitly erotic idyll (Gesang Weylas). The concert also features two lieder set to Goethe’s poems (Anakreons Grab and Der Rattenfänger).
Symphony No. 7 is Mahler’s only contribution to the genre that is not commonly associated with a nickname or biographical motif. It is purely instrumental, “abstract” music; a still point between his “Tragic” Symphony and the “Symphony of a Thousand”. The opening melody of the first movement was conceived during a boat ride on a lake, and is played by the tenor horn, which sort of combines the tone of the trumpet, the horn and the saxophone. After the second movement, which the composer compared to Rembrandt’s painting The Night Watch, comes the shadowy scherzo, followed by a serenade accompanied by mandolin and guitar. The symphony is concluded by an ecstatic frenzy of drums.
Did you know? Wagner’s opera was first staged in Weimar on August 28, 1850 (conductor: Franz Liszt), Hugo Wolf composed his songs in 1888, Mahler’s symphony premiered in Prague on September 19, 1908 (conducted by the composer); the Festival Orchestra last played the Prelude to Act 1 of Lohengrin in Budapest on February 27, 2017 (conductor: Robin Ticciati), Wolf’s songs entitled Denk’ es, o Seele!, Gebet and Anakreons Grab in Budapest on September 12, 2015 (soloist: Roman Trekel), his song entitled Gesang Weylas in Budapest on December 26, 2015 (soloist: Tassis Christoyannis), Mahler’s symphony in Pécs on September 14, 2010 (conductor: Iván Fischer), and three songs by Wolf will be performed now for the first time at a BFO concert.
Contemporary events the Punctuation of Olmütz, whereby Prussia accepted Austria’s leading role in the German Confederation, was signed on November 29, 1850 / in 1850, French painter Gustave Courbet painted The Stone Cutters, which was destroyed in World War II / on December 9, 1850 German composer Robert Schumann completed his Symphony No. 3 (Rhenish), which premiered in the following year / on June 15, 1888, William II German emperor ascended to the throne / The Bear, a drama by Russian author Anton Chekhov premiered in Moscow on October 28, 1888 / in 1888, French painter Paul Gauguin painted Vision After the Sermon / Rapsodie espagnole by French composer Maurice Ravel was premiered in Paris on March 15, 1908 / the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy announced the annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1908 / Sociology, a book by German philosopher and sociologist Georg Simmel was published in 1908